SPM practice 3 (Linear Law) - Question 3

Question 3

The table 7 below shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. The variables x  and  y  are related by the equation a y = b x +1   , where k  and  p  are constants.

(a) Based on the table above, construct a table for the values of 1 x   and 1 y  . Plot 1 y     against 1 x   , using a scale of  2 cm to 0.1 unit on the 1 x   -axis and  2 cm to 0.2 unit on the 1 y   -axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit.
(b) Use the graph from  (b)  to find the value of
(i)   a,
(ii)   b.

Solution

Step 1 : Construct a table consisting X and Y.




Step 2 : Plot a graph of Y against X, using the scale given and draw a line of best fit

Steps to draw line of best fit - Click here




Step 3 : Calculate the gradient, m, and the Y-intercept, c, from the graph




Step 4 : Rewrite the original equation given and reduce it to linear form

Step 5 : Compare with the values of m and c obtained, find the values of the unknown required