4.1 Vector

(A) Definition of Vector and Vector Notation

1. Vector is a quantity that has both magnitude and direction.
2. Scalar is a quantity that has magnitude only.
3. A vector can be presented by a line segment with an arrow, known as a directed line segment.



(B) Equality of Two Vectors

1. Negative vector of   AB has the same magnitude as   AB but its direction is opposite to that of AB .


2. A zero vector is a vector whose magnitude is zero. It is denoted by 0 ˜ .

3. Two vectors are equal if both the vectors have the same magnitude and direction.